How to use obstruct in a sentence. Example sentences using obstruct.
Obstruct used in a sentence
shut out from view or get in the way so as to hide from sight
See also: block
Sentence Examples for Obstruct
Examples sentences for obstruct.
They are at it again trying to steal land that doesn't belong to them. Palestinian activists — some 200 of them — are at it again, this time erecting no less than 50 tents along the E1 corridor connecting Jerusalem and Judea and Samaria. In November, Israel announced that the site is intended for new Jewish homes. Of course, the Palestinians, who’ve named their outpost Baab al Shams, or Arabic for “sunny gateway,” claim that Jewish community will obstruct the continuity of a future Palestinian state, but bypass roads would maintain that contiguity.
More outrageous behavior - they are really trying to throw their weight around. Offer nothing positive, only obstruct and try to tear down.
What obstruct your life maynot be the biggest one, use your mind and determination to pass the obstruction
Proud nigerians lets not allow d mistake of our forefathers obstruct d achievements of our goals
One tragedy of our times is the willingness of realists, in spite of impending crises, to criticize and obstruct people who expend their energy toward finding solutions. Their judgements, however, are superficial and conventional, and their attitude distances them from the essential quality of reality--change. Often the wisest realists cannot escape this trap. The challenge, then, is to create a new kind of reality that offers hope for changing the world.
Perfectionism, no less than isolationism or imperialism or power politics, may obstruct the paths to international peace. Let us not forget that the retreat to isolationism is a quarter of a century ago started not by a direct attack against international cooperation but against the alleged imperfections of the peace.
Hey, everyone. If you're tired of government not working please join me in fixing the Senate by reforming the filibuster rule so that it's not abused to obstruct the will of the majority!
Obviously allowing some sick low life bigots access to use equipment to stalk, grossly obstruct justice and keep a hate crime going 24/7/365 creates hinderance with basic living. From income potential and more. I made a professional wage before this crime and every low life has came every since. Its repulsive.
Kunja sala intended to obstruct my all path to pull me on his cheap way" where everything mend for marketing" he didn't knew yet, badlne waali hum cheej hi nahi.....
"One tragedy of our times is the willingness of realists, in spite of impending crises, to criticize and obstruct people who expend their energy toward finding solutions. Their judgments, however, are superficial and conventional, and their attitude distances them from the essential quality of reality-change. Often the wisest realists cannot escape this trap. The challenge, then, is to create a new kind of reality that offers hope for changing the world." Daisaku Ikeda
The only thing wealth and power cn not obstruct is truth..
"Never let your own walls obstruct your view."
I ask every mountain on my way 2day 2be removed nd cast in2 d sea. No obstacle wil b able 2 obstruct my plans dis day, dis month nd dis year IJN.
No matter hw hard lyf k3ps st3ting on my face, il always wipe da mucous n rise up 2 tackle evry chalng dat #!$% my way....i believ dat obstacles dnt #!$ in my life 2 obstruct me bt 2 guid me n show me dt thr r multitl ways of doin one thing.....
The only thing dat wealth n power cannot obstruct is The Truth. Hv a luvly wkend guys............
These are words from my mentor......One tragedy of our times is the willingness of realists, in spite of impending crises, to criticize and obstruct people who expend their energy toward finding solutions. Their judgments, however, are superficial and conventional, and their attitude distances them from the essential quality of reality-change. Often the wisest realists cannot escape this trap. The challenge, then, is to create a new kind of reality that offers hope for changing the world.
Dear Taxpayers of Appleton, your city is mobilizing snow plows in the rain to obstruct pedestrian walkways. I'm sorry.
Try 2 obstruct a good behaviour in any circumstance u can fund urself bcs dis life isn't 4 sum1, remember dat life is ephemeral......
The Patriot Act is to intercept & obstruct terrorism, Huck is not a terrorist.
If you deserve for anything nobody can obstruct you . Good morning .
The only real antidote to worry is purposeful action in the direction of your goals. Remind yourself that problems come not to obstruct, but to instruct. .......
Never let your own walls obstruct your view. .....---
The Senate needs to hear your objection to the abused use of the filibuster by Repubs/TParty to obstruct the normal business of our Senate that resulted in the extraordinary misuse of the filibuster by GOP since the election of Pres. Obama. Add your name to this petition.
Those Memphis Grizzlies really showed how to beat the Warriors last night . .. good perimeter defense to obstruct the passing lanes and to create turnovers plus a tough and big interior defense.
Never let your own walls obstruct your view. ..
Society ought to promote the exercise of virtue, not obstruct it. It should be animated by a just hierarchy of values.
Just another way to obstruct .... to try & insure that Congress does nothing to stop the agenda of his Randian benefactors. Ryan is a Koch tool.
Here's wishing you great prosperity May you live a live of quality Here's wishing you the very best of luck May nothing be on your path to obstruct Here's wishing you much success May you always have the best Here's wishing you profound peace May you trouble really cease
Try as much as u can to be an obstruction to any tin dat wnt to obstruct ur blessing from God by prayn hard, working hard and try to be upright and faithful. God wil si u tru.
Why do you suppose , if there is a "god" , who created life , that "he" would have designed the system so that his creation would form systematic collusion to perpetually inhibit and obstruct his objectives?
Ward locks were favored by Ancient Romans and are still used all around the world today. These locks have barriers that obstruct the rotation of keys other than the specific one made for the lock.
A few of the techniques arborists use when pruning a tree are eliminating branches that rub each other, removing limbs that interfere with wires, building facades, gutters, roofs chimneys or windows, and removing limbs that obstruct streets or sidewalks.
Random objects shouldn't obstruct or distract from the main subject. Composition is one many aspects of photography.
There were over 400 filibusters used by the Republicans to obstruct legislation in the first four years of this administration.
No mountain can obstruct me 2 reach my destiny for I am fully equipped.
"Duke found more than 50 studies on turmeric's effects in addressing Alzheimer's disease. The reports indicate that extracts of turmeric contain a number of natural agents that block the formation of beta-amyloid, the substance responsible for the plaques that slowly obstruct cerebral function in Alzheimer's disease."
No power of the evil ones can obstruct my progress this year in Jesus name.
Once used only rarely, Republicans have used the filibuster over 400 times in the past 2 yrs. to obstruct anything the President or Democrats were in favor of. It's time the filibuster was reformed.
We cannot allow Obama to trample our second amendment rights, his agenda is all about tyranny and the loss of our liberty. We have to be hyper vigilant and obstruct his agenda. Everyone needs to call their Congress members to start with, next you need to go shopping.
Filibustering has been used to obstruct justice and progress since its inception and should have been disallowed before it was started! We need to stop wasting the taxpayers' time and money!!
Maybe Jon doesn' t think they are responsible for this mess, but if you block and obstruct progress you are the problem, not the solution.
Watching one born every minute to obstruct the broodyness, especially afta having lots of cuddles with a special little boy today!
Keep your hair out of your face and tie back long hair during all gymnastics instruction. Hair can obstruct your vision, get caught on equipment or you can pull it on skills like back extension rolls.
I keep hearing about all the guns being taken away? Really? I think we need limits on modern automatic assault weapons with unlimited magazines, I also think a background check might be in order before you purchase a gun of any kind and I believe most reasonable people would agree to that. So why do we keep hearing about "all the guns being taken away" - it's a red herring to distract and obstruct. I am so glad this guy isn't on my side.
Forgive and release others. Unforgiveness will obstruct blessing and prosperity!
But now that Obama has picked him....he isn't qualified? All the right has done is obstruct as much as possible. Instead of helping this country move forward. 2014 is near and we will remember.
Where is the wisdom that mankind is supposed to have? Are we choosing the wrong people to represent us in Congress? Yes, I think we are. Are they ignorant or are they so wrapped up in their own self-importance that they can't see? Are they going to climb to the top over the bodies they've left behind? They have developed a "gang" mentality and aligned themselves to obstruct anything that is not approved by the "gang." Why are they choosing up sides and standing in defiance instead of each one bringing up new ideas for discussion and searching for a solution to our American problems?
Quote Examples using Obstruct
One tragedy of our times is the willingness of realists, in spite of impending crises, to criticize and obstruct people who expend their energy toward finding solutions. Their judgments, however, are superficial and conventional, and their attitude distances them from the essential quality of reality-change. Often the wisest realists cannot escape this trap. The challenge, then, is to create a new kind of reality that offers hope for changing the world. Daisaku Ikeda.Anonymous
"Whatever challenge we may be facing, here is a promise which helps us. If the Lord goes before us, it must be safe to follow. Who can obstruct our progress if the Lord himself is our front? And, He who is before us is also with us: above, around, within us is the omnipotent One. How this strengthens our arm and brightens our way. Yes, we may have to fight, but with Him at hand, the victory is certain."--Charles SpurgeonAnonymous
I find myself on a new road, taking a new direction and forcing myself to take my own advice. When I finally realized that I had no idea where I was going or how I would get there, something told me that is okay. That is what makes this life so interesting. I know the direction so it is one foot forward at a time. Failure is not an option and great obstacles are just opportunities to succeed. I am learning that the only way to see where I am going clearly is to tear down some walls for they obstruct my view ahead. Have a great weekend and I do hope all stay safe and well!!!Anonymous
"One tragedy of our times is the willingness of realists, in spite of impending crises, to criticize and obstruct people who expend their energy toward finding solutions. Their judgments, however, are superficial and conventional, and their attitude distances them from the essential quality of reality-change. Often the wisest realists cannot escape this trap. The challenge, then, is to create a new kind of reality that offers hope for changing the world. " by Daisaku IkedaAnonymous
The Universe, is a continuous flow of love. Yet the fear-mind seeks to block that love just as continuously as Spirit pours it forth. It keeps you locked in repetitive patterns that prevent you from becoming who you are capable of being. The universe specializes in new beginnings, from the birth of a baby to the appearance of new love. It is the way of nature to begin again, just as it is the way of the fear-mind to stay stuck in the past. Fear can obstruct you, but the hand of God is always available to walk you into the dawn of a new day. Do not be concerned about who you were before this moment, for in God there is no past, but only infinite possibilities for a miraculous future. Embrace the 'true' you, love yourself...Only in love will you be free to move forward into a new and truly different future!Anonymous
The Knots Prayer: Dear GOD, please untie the knots that are in my mind, my heart and my life. Remove the have nots, can nots and do nots that I have in my mind. Erase the will nots, may nots, might nots that may find a home in my heart. Release me from the could nots, would nots and should nots that obstruct my life. And most of all Dear GOD, I ask that you remove from my mind, my heart and my life all the "am nots" that I have allowed to hold me back, especially the thought that I am not good enough. Amen.Anonymous
I am really surprised that the American people did not learn from the last two years, how the stupid, numbskull and idiotic republicans obstruct progress, and the last four years when they kept on phillibustering all sensible legislation because they were hell bent on making the president, a one term President . They failed, but they keep on holding the American people hostage. They forget that it is not the 2% rich who put them back in power, but it is the same majority of Americans , whom they are causing to suffer with their idiotic behaviour. They all collect their fat salaries, and kickbacks, while the majority of us suffer at their hands. I blame the American people who voted them back in power, after what they did in the last four years. I hope that you will all remember, forget party loyalty, and vote sensible next time around, if you can survive that long. I know that I can do a better job than all the republicans put together. They are nothing but. A...holes.Anonymous
I believe that the language used in the bible is vague, superficial and juvenile. That's why I have a hard time taking it seriously. It would appear that those who fabricated it had a fairly elementary command of the English language, and I think perhaps it was left depthless and intangible because it is primitive and unevolved. If you ask me, one shouldn't have to struggle to decode the eternal word of God. If you ask me, it's something of a hoax... And you'll find that there's always someone who will be glad to interpret it for you... ...only they'll want to take your common sense, your self-respect, and your money as well... I just wish it wasn't so hard for people to understand that they are being systematically swindeled, decieved and defrauded in the named of Christ. It's absolutely perverse and I'm sure there's plenty of bible verses that comdemn it. That's the irony in it. If you ask me, it's a big bunch of poppycock hogwash hootenanny buffoonery! As someone who does believe in the true message that Christ tried to convey, I feel utterly bamboozled... I just don't think a bible verse would be so evasive & abstract if it was the real word of God. If you ask me, the true word of God would not be so unintelligible and vague. The English language & the way we use it has evolved tremendously since this #!$% was concocted and human consciousness itself has evolved & continues to evolve. That's precisely the predicament religion so often puts us in. The holy folks want to stay stuck in the lower-level, fear-based mode of mind while higher realms of consciousness remain unexplored & inactive ...only temporarily navigated in momentary glimpses. The true message that Christ & all the other prophets tried to convey is subsequently belittled and abandoned in the process and higher dimensions in the brain are blocked off by the primitive, reptillian-minded bible thumpers... ...And eagerly they obstruct the evolution of our species...Anonymous
2. "O haufi le uena/ Leha u robetse/Le bosiu oa bona/Ha bo mo sirele/Leha u ea kae le kae/U nkile leeto/O u etella pele/O u sala morao" - #. 6, Lifela tsa Sione# The God of angel armies. He hems me in. He surrounds me - before, ahead, on the sides! Even darkness wouldn't obstruct his view#Anonymous
'Never let anything obstruct the flow of chi, the life force, within your body, space or your mind. Become aware of troubled spots in your mind that may be creating blockages to your success, happiness and well-being. Do the same with your body and the feng shui of your personal living and workspace. Blocks cause real problems so you must get rid of them before they become permanent'. Lillian TooAnonymous
Sharing: The Knots Prayer: Dear GOD, please untie the knots that are in my mind, my heart and my life. Remove the have nots,can nots and do nots that I have in my mind. Erase the will nots, may nots, might nots that may find a home in my heart. Release me from the could nots,would nots and should nots that obstruct my life. And most of all Dear GOD, I ask that you remove from my mind, my heart and my life all the "am nots" that I have allowed to hold me back, especially the thought that I am not good enough. Amen.Anonymous
Dear God, please untie the knots that are in my mind, my heart and my life. Remove the have nots, the can nots and the do nots that I have in my mind. Erase the will nots, may nots, and might nots that find a home in my heart. Release me from the could nots, would nots and should nots that obstruct my life. And most of all, dear God, I ask that you remove from my mind my heart and my life all of the am nots that I have allowed to hold me back, especially the thought that I am not good enough. Amen.Anonymous
This year i really need to lose weight and be thin... i know its probably everyones new years resolution and its been mine for like 5 years in a row now and ive always not stuck to it and piled on more weight and its starting to get me down even more than it did before. its not right for someone my age to be this size and if my arse gets any bigger ill be able to balance a telly on it like no joke. So this year im going to try my hardest to be who i want to be which is more body confident, happy within myself and to be desirable also to be able to wear anything i want without being worried if i look fat. i know ot wont be easy but im going to try my best as its time for a change. Im a cheesey #!$%@&! i know..Anonymous
What IS eradicated when the Christian is entirely sanctified: 1. The darkness of sin is dispelled. 2. The film which sin has put upon the spiritual sight is taken away. 3. the mists of error and perversion of evil which obstruct and weaken the moral perception are dissipated.Anonymous
With all that off my chest, all you bar athletes can relax. Doesn't look like extreme calisthenics is something, I'll be able to work on for a good while, so go ahead and smile for now. It will be a while before I obstruct your shine again. Something I do with barely even trying.. Nothing personal.. I have nothing but love for the lifestyle and most of you. But I was out to be better then you, you, and you!Anonymous
The wings of the evil god does not fly beyond their kingdom. That is Songo can never solve problems in Igboland but Amadioha. So only person wings fly everywhere is God. God is everywhere. So power from home will obstruct my success,they are powerless in Jesus name.Anonymous
Don't allow pride to obstruct your relief when times get difficult. Don't let your stubborn self get in the way. I am here for you at your beck and call. Admitting you need help is the first step. Humble yourself and see how My grace appears so quickly for you.Anonymous
I write to you this letter in order to share some of my life experiences, hoping it will contribute to your education, your way of thinking and living, your emotional well-being, your sense of responsibility to yourselves and to others, your maturity, and above all, to your happiness, which should be the result of your daily existence. You are privileged within society due to your talents and efforts, and for the best reason, your own worth. Success is not about doing things well or even very well, or being acknowledged by others. It is not an external opinion, but rather an internal status. It is the harmony between the soul and your emotions, which requires love, family, friendship, authenticity and integrity. To be as exceptional as you are is a privilege, but it also entails many risks that can have an impact on values that are much more important than professional, economic, social or political “success”. Emotional strength and stability are in the interior life, and in avoiding emotions that erode the soul such as envy, jealousy, arrogance, lust, selfishness, vengeance, greed and laziness, which are a poison that is ingested little by little. When you give, do not expect to receive. “Fragrance clings to the hand that gives the rose,” says a Chinese proverb. Do not allow negative feelings and emotions to control your mind. Emotional harm does not come from others; it is conceived and developed within ourselves. Do not mix up your values or betray your principles. Life’s road is very long, but it is traveled fast. Live the present intensely and fully, do not let the past be a burden, and let the future be an incentive. Each person forges his or her own destiny and it may influence reality. Do not ignore it. Live with positive feelings and emotions such as love, friendship, loyalty, courage, joy, good humor, enthusiasm, peace, serenity, patience, trust, tolerance, prudence and responsibility. Do not allow their opposites to invade your soul, may they pass quickly from your mind, do not allow them to stay there, banish them. You will make mistakes many times, it is normal and human; but try to make them small, then accept, correct and forget them. Do not be obsessed by them; heaven and hell are within us. What is most valuable in life does not cost anything but is very precious: love, friendship, nature and what man has been able to achieve with it; the forms, colors, sounds, smells that we perceive with our senses can only be appreciated when we are emotionally awake. Live without fear and guilt; fear is the worst feeling men can have, it weakens them, inhibits action and depresses them. Guilt is a tremendous burden in our lives, the way we think and act. Guilt and fear make the present difficult and obstruct the future. To fight them, let us have good sense and accept ourselves as we are, with our realities, our merits and our sorrows. Staying occupied displaces preoccupation and problems, and when we face our problems, they disappear. Thus, they make us stronger every day. We should learn from failure, and successes should be silent incentives. Act always as your conscience dictates, because it never lies. Fear and guilt will then be minimal. Do not block yourself in, do not ruin your life, live it with intelligence, with soul and senses aware and on the alert; get to know their manifestations and train yourselves to appreciate and enjoy life. Work well done is not only a responsibility to yourselves and society; it is also an emotional need. At the end we depart with nothing, we leave behind only our work, family and friends, and, perhaps, a positive influence which we have planted. My very best wishes,Anonymous
People are underinformed then. I think the 112th Congress actually demonstrated that those who were elected into the Congress intending only to shut down & obstruct the federal government, could not. I only see that the Government set up to be Of the People, By the People, For the People is amazingly resilient. To wish for a communist regime is extremely stupid. As for the 113th? We the People elected or reelected the Congress, so we get what we vote for. WHooop whoop! Buckle in folks....lets go for the ride we created....Anonymous
Related Sentences for Obstruct
This page is getting a little out of control, These guys are worthless, we shouldnt be fighting with each other on here.... We know who they are and Im going to block as much as I can as fighting will not help any
Random thought : what is the need of shadows ?
What’s happening is more proof that what we have in Washington is not a functioning Congress, but a one-ring circus on the far right.
This is the result of a industry portraying injured plaintiffs as money hungry.
The prospect of the end of the filibuster in the Senate should be worrisome to all advocates of constitutional freedom. While not in the constitution, the filibuster has served as a great tool in our Federal legislature by preventing egregious abuse of power by one party over another. Look at the list of Senators in comments - contact them and tell them they will not get your support in 2014 if they fail to preserve the filibuster.
Missing my mates in stevo! No I'm not moving back lol x
There is now the prospect of Obama implementing gun control through executive order. Basically, an executive branch decree, not subject to congressional approval, that directly hinders an amendment to the constitution. Neither you nor I have a say in Obama's decision. I don't care how you feel about gun control, this would be a sickening abuse of executive power.
From my observations and interactions on this page for the past several days, I am left to conclude that most "conservatives" are not really the least bit interested in paying down the debt or reducing government spending.
Can't stand this 'Fleg' nonsense anymore...how are these people allowed to hold a city under seige? Why are the police not stopping it before it happens? There's nothing peaceful about controlling the roads and stopping people going about their lives. It's Friday for goodness sake, the most precious of days to those who actually work for a living - after a 40 hour week all folk want to do is get home quickly and chill out. How is this minority being allowed to hold the country to ransom?
Best case for iPhone 5 peeps? And screen guard?
When will all good conservatives just get up and refuse to participate in their own demise?
Dropped kids off at school nearly got run over on way home by car driving / parking on pavement here's an idea park further away in a proper space ! Make it safe for our kids to walk to school !
If Obama does that...... umm it ain't gonna be well received- that's putting it lightly.
The American went to the ballot box and -- twice -- put the man who will destroy their country in office. All for their government checks.
Councilman Chance Parent ask the other councilmen to give a one year permit variance to a constituent in his district that lives in a travel trailer. The council voted unanimously in favor.
Rep. Sandy Pasch, D-Shorewood, released a statement saying she was not pleased with the final outcome, but is encouraged by the way Republicans and Democrats were able to have a robust debate without the divisiveness of the previous Legislative session. "Both sides of the aisle set forth to do what many of us campaigned on, and what voters clearly are clamoring for – putting partisan politics aside and focusing on the needs and priorities of our communities," she said.
Republicans want Republicans to make a deal on the debt ceiling. Are they doing enough to negotiate? Who's in the wrong? Post your comment or Tweet #edshow
There are those who lead and those who follow. Ask yourself honestly which one are you?
NOW Liberal feminist group insists Obama cabinet be half female ...
Our prime purpose in this life is to help others. And if you can't help them, at least don't hurt them.
How in the world did Reagan, Clinton, and Bush all end recessions without raising taxes...how ever did that happen?
Following the shooting in Newtown, Ct, we want to know if you think the federal government should enact stricter gun control?
Things that make you say hummmmm: If its illegal to hang things from your rear view mirror then why does the state issue accessible parking hang tags for your rear view mirror???
By threatening not to raise our nation's debt ceiling, House Republicans are holding our economy hostage to extort draconian cuts to benefits for America's seniors. We can't let them get away with it. Sign our petition to Republican leaders to stop playing games with our economy.
Just caught up on the Chelsea game from last night. If it wasn't for Ivanovic's stupid mistakes and Ba started instead of Chelsea we would have won, or atleast a draw! Clear cut penalty for Ba aswell, Premiership needs a few decent referees!
It's not the debt ceiling....it's not the platinum coin......
Those who fail to understand the vital importance of saving the environment, or the necessity of strengthening autonomy/sovereignty of indigenous/rural communities and cities, place themselves in support of the war-mongering military-industrial complex. They can’t see that ‘Idle no more’ stands to change the stereotype image of native-American that colonization produced.
Good morning 316 new people that mysteriously appeared overnight!!!
Ke eng seo se dirileng gore o kgaogane le father/mother of yo first child? Just asking...!
You never drive forward looking in the rearview mirror, so why do so many people ignore opportunities of the future by being held back by their past?
How to make a hooded car seat blanket for group 0+ thanks for the link Anne.
For the sake of our horses and our dogs please keep the gates shut!!!!! It's really not that hard......
Lol am even embarrased with this check who has a crush on u thing. . It came to my inbox, I was curious and now it is sending everyone an inbox. Mxm this technologies, eish they get u into trouble, pls ignore it
Went to Tesco this morning to buy stuff for our morning breakfast and almost left it on the seats at Southend East. Had to get someone to hold the train doors so I could run back for the shopping looooool
Am soon moving out f some relationships. Theaz no openness. Nkt!
I haven't been keeping an exact count, but at let's say ten a day for the four hundred fifty some odd days I've been on facebook. After forty five hundred posts designed to make me resentful of people less privileged than me not working, do you really think a couple more today will do the trick?
GOP Reps are proposing bills to defund planned parenthood. Did they learn anything from the election? Share your thoughts with us here on the ed show!
Obama took an oath to uphold the constitution. Clearly he could care less about his oath. Clearly Obama is shredding the Constitution.
I need to write a laptop eulogy. You were so young.
Watch the crazy #!$% these guys do. No wonder they muzzled him during fall. These people were almost running the country.
Congress is less popular than cockroaches, traffic jams, and even Nickelback
Planned parenthood performs 1 abortion every 94 seconds in FY2011.
Stop goin bak 2 the same person, the relationship keeps falling apart 4 a reason..
Here comes gun control....By proclamation from the King of America I mean the president is going to take care of the gun problem by executive order so stated by Biden Who knew executive order trumped the constitution....Time time to take a stand boys and girls may be at hand..
Dont let alcohol ruin your beautiful life and lead to self-destruction.
The suspect in an overnight shooting in Sarasota was released from prison in September. The convicted murderer served less than half of his sentence. What are your thoughts on early release from prison?
You are not being oppressed or discriminated against when another group gains rights you have always had.